The angels found a new home; the first paperboy; Lee moved north; a proud warrior surrendered; the Braves’ endurance schedule; the Revolt of the Sergeants; the U.S. issued a stern warning; an incredible weightlifting feat; E-Day arrived; civil rights violation in Arkansas; a swimmer set an Olympic record; a beloved actress died; a remarkable baseball accomplishment; an iconic wildlife expert died…

1781 – The city of Los Angeles was founded. The name first given to the settlement is debated. Historian Doyce P. Nunis has said that the Spanish named it “El Pueblo de la Reyna de los Angeles” (“The Town of the Queen of the Angels”). For proof, he pointed to a map dated 1785, where that phrase was used. Frank Weber, the diocesan archivist, insisted the name given by the founders was “El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora de los Angeles de Porciuncula”, or “the town of Our Lady of the Angels of Porciuncula.” and that the map was in error.
No matter who was right, both names were too long. I can’t imagine watching a baseball game and hearing legendary broadcaster Vin Scully proclaim the “El Pueblo de la Reyna de los Angeles Dodgers defeat the Chicago Cubs.”

1833 – 10-year old Barney Flaherty answered an ad in “The New York Sun” and became the first “newsboy”. Actually, Barney became what we now call a paperboy.

1862 – Confederate General Robert E Lee began his first invasion of the North, initiating the Maryland Campaign that would culminate in the Battle of Antietam (or Sharpsburg as it was called in the South) two weeks later.

1886 – Apache chief Geronimo surrendered to U.S. government troops. For 30 years, the mighty Native American warrior had battled to protect his tribe’s homeland, but by 1886 the Apaches were exhausted and hopelessly outnumbered. General Nelson Miles accepted Geronimo’s surrender, making him the last Indian warrior to formally give in to U.S. forces and signaling the end of the Indian Wars in the Southwest.

1928 – An endurance test got underway for the Boston Braves. The team started a stretch that saw them playing nine doubleheaders in a row.

1933 – In an uprising known as the “Revolt of the Sergeants,” General Fulgencio Batista took over the Cuban government . The coup overthrew the liberal government of Gerardo Machado, and marked the beginning of the army’s influence as an organized force in the running of the government. It also signaled Batista’s emergence as self-appointed chief of the armed forces and favored U.S. strong man.

1941 – American destroyer Greer became the first U.S. vessel fired on in the war when a German sub aimed a few torpedoes at it, sparking heightened tensions between Germany and the United States.
Although the U.S. was still officially a neutral country, President Franklin Roosevelt unofficially declared war on anyone who further attacked American vessels in the North Atlantic: “If German or Italian vessels of war enter these waters, they do so at their own peril.”

1954 – Peter B.Cortese achieved a one arm dead lift of 370 pounds. That considerable feat was made all the more incredible by the fact the weight was 22 pounds over triple bodyweight!

1957 – It was “E-Day” and the Ford Motor Company unveiled the Edsel, the first new automobile brand produced by one of the Big Three car companies since 1938. It was a colossal flop. In its first year, only 64,000 Edsels were sold and Ford lost $250 million ($2.5 billion today). After the 1960 model year, the Edsel brand folded.
The failure of the Edsel serves as a symbol of corporate hubris at its worst. It was an over-hyped, over-sized, over-designed monstrosity.

1957 – Under orders from Orval Faubus, the governor of Arkansas, armed National Guardsmen prevented nine African-American students from attending the all-white Central High School in Little Rock. What began as a domestic crisis soon exploded into a Cold War embarrassment.
The action taken by Faubus won him acclaim in his home state, and in much of the South, but it was a serious embarrassment to the administration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Eisenhower himself was no great supporter of civil rights, but he understood the international significance of the events in Little Rock. Pictures of the angry mob, the terrified African-American students, and National Guardsmen with guns and gas masks were seen around the world.
The Soviets could not have created better propaganda. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles informed Eisenhower that the Little Rock incident was hurting the United States overseas, and might even cost the country the support of other nations in the United Nations. Eisenhower tried to negotiate a settlement with Faubus, but when this failed, he sent in federal troops. The nine African-American students were finally allowed to attend Central High.

1972 – Swimmer Mark Spitz captured his seventh Olympic gold medal in the 400-meter medley relay event at Munich, Germany. Spitz became the first Olympian to win seven gold medals.

1990 – Actress Irene Dunne (five-time nominee for Best Actress Academy Award – Cimarron, Theodora Goes Wild, The Awful Truth, Love Affair and I Remember Mama) died of natural causes at the age of 91.

1993 – Jim Abbott of the New York Yankees pitched a no-hitter. Yes, no-hitters have been thrown many times in the history of baseball, but Abbott had a definite disadvantage. He was born without a right hand.
Abbott balanced the glove on his right arm, and as part of the follow through when he threw a pitch, he would slide the glove onto his left hand so he could catch any ball that came back to him.

2006 – Steve Irwin, Australian wildlife expert and television personality (The Crocodile Hunter) died when he approached a stingray allegedly 8 ft wide in chest-deep water from behind in order to film it swimming away. According to the only witness to the attack, the fish reacted to Irwin as if a shark was attacking, striking him several hundred times in the body with its tail spine. Irwin was 44.