“Elvis Presley’s death deprives our country of a part of itself. He was unique, irreplaceable. More than twenty years ago, he burst upon the scene with an impact that was unprecedented and will probably never be equaled. His music and his personality, fusing the styles of white country and black rhythm and blues, permanently changed the face of American popular culture.”
~President Jimmy Carter
1777 – Americans led by General John Stark routed British and Brunswick troops under Friedrich Baum at the Battle of Bennington in Walloomsac, New York.
British General John Burgoyne had led his army down the Lake Champlain-Hudson River corridor, capturing several American forts along the way. However, he found himself in desperate need of provisions, wagons, cattle, and horses.
Burgoyne then made the fateful decision to send an expeditionary force of 650 men – under Colonel Baum – to the town of Bennington, VT to capture those much needed supplies.
Baum was not expecting any major opposition. To his surprise, nearly 2,000 American militia men led by Brigadier General John Stark of New Hampshire were waiting for him near the Walloomsac River in New York.
Stark’s rallying cry became legendary … “There they are, boys! We beat them today or Molly Stark sleeps a widow tonight.”
During the intense battle, Baum was mortally wounded and his troops surrendered. While Stark’s militiamen were busy disarming the prisoners and looting their supplies, Heinrich vov Breymann – commander of the Breymann Grenadiers, a Brunswick battalion hired into British service – arrived with his reinforcements.
Seeing the Americans in disarray, they immediately pressed their attack.
After hastily regrouping, Stark’s forces tried to hold their ground against the new German onslaught, but began to fall back. Before their lines collapsed, Colonel Seth Warner’s Green Mountain Boys arrived on the scene to reinforce Stark’s troops.
Total German and British losses at Bennington were recorded at 207 dead and 700 captured. American losses included 30 dead and 40 wounded.
1864 – Confederate General John Chambliss was killed during a cavalry charge at the Second Battle of Deep Bottom in Virginia, one of the sieges of Petersburg. His death led to a surprising discovery by Union forces.
Chambliss’ body was recovered by Union General David Gregg, who found a detailed map of the Richmond defenses. Gregg gave the plan to Union topographical engineers, who then looked for a way to copy and distribute the map through the army’s command structure. Using a new photographic technique known as Margedant’s Quick Method, which did not require a camera, the engineers traced the map and laid it over a sheet of photographic paper. The paper was then exposed to the sun’s rays, which darkened the paper except under the traced lines.
The result was a mass-produced negative of the map, which was distributed to all Union officers in the area within 48 hours.
The discovery did not help the Union capture Richmond – that would take another seven months – but it may have reduced casualties by preventing foolhardy attacks on well-defended positions.
1896 – While salmon fishing near the Klondike River in Canada’s Yukon Territory, George Carmack spotted nuggets of gold in a creek bed. His discovery sparked the last great gold rush in the American West.
Carmack and two companions staked their claim the following day. News of the gold strike spread fast across Canada and the United States, and over the next two years, as many as 50,000 would-be miners arrived in the region. Rabbit Creek was renamed Bonanza, and even more gold was discovered in another Klondike tributary, dubbed Eldorado.
“Klondike Fever” reached its height in the United States in mid-July 1897 when two steamships arrived from the Yukon in San Francisco and Seattle, bringing a total of more than two tons of gold.
For his part, Carmack left the Yukon with $1 million worth of gold. Many individual gold miners in the Klondike eventually sold their stakes to mining companies, who had the resources and machinery to access more gold.
Large-scale mining in the Yukon Territory didn’t end until 1966, and by that time the region had yielded some $250 million in gold.
Today, some 200 small gold mines still operate in the region.
1920 – Cleveland Indians shortstop Ray Chapman was struck in the temple by a ball pitched by Carl Mays of the New York Yankees.
Despite a late-night operation to relieve the pressure on his brain, Chapman was pronounced dead at 12:30 a.m. the next day. It was the first and only death to occur as the result of a pitched ball in major league history.
1948 – Baseball legend George Herman “Babe” Ruth died from cancer in New York City at the age of 53.
For two days following his death, his body lay in state at the main entrance to Yankee Stadium, and tens of thousands of people stood in line to pay their last respects. He was buried in Hawthorne, NY.
At a time when baseball was suffering through the disgrace of the Black Sox scandal, the “Sultan of Swat” had salvaged the sport’s popularity, hitting a record 60 home runs in the 1927 season and ending his career with 714 homers.
1954 – The first issue of Sports Illustrated was published by Time Inc.
Initially, the magazine was not profitable (and would not be so for 12 years) because much of the subject matter was directed at upper class activities such as yachting, polo and safaris.
1956 – Adlai E. Stevenson was nominated for president at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
The former governor of Illinois had been soundly defeated by Republican Dwight Eisenhower in 1952 and the campaign of 1956 would be no different. Eisenhower won 41 of the 48 states.
1956 – Actor Bela Lugosi, most widely identified with his title role in the movie Dracula, died of a heart attack at the age of 73.
Following Dracula, he was soon typecast in B-horror films such as Murders in the Rue Morgue, Chandu the Magician, Mark of the Vampire, and Son of Frankenstein.
His final film, Plan 9 from Outer Space, an Ed Woods low budget horror flick, was completed after his death.
Contrary to popular belief, Lugosi never requested to be buried in his vampire cloak. His son confirmed on numerous occasions that he and his mother, Lillian, actually made the decision but believed that it is what his father would have wanted.
1960 – Joseph Kittinger parachuted from a balloon over New Mexico at 102,800 feet, setting three records that held until 2012: High-altitude jump, free fall, and highest speed by a human without an aircraft.
1962 – Just as the Beatles were on the verge of becoming recording stars, drummer Pete Best was fired by manager Brian Epstein and replaced by Ringo Starr two days later.
“Unbeknownst to me, they’d approached Ringo,” Best recalled. “Brian said, ‘Pete, I don’t know how to tell you this. The boys want you out. It’s already been arranged. I asked why and he said, ‘Because they think Ringo’s a better drummer.'”
Best says some rawness from that fateful day in 1962 still lingers, but he came to terms with it a long time ago.
“Yes, they are the most famous musicians in the world. And regardless of what happened, I played a key part in that.”
1969 – Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young made their concert debut at the Auditorium Theatre in Chicago (with Joni Mitchell as their opening act.)
They mentioned they were going to someplace called Woodstock the next day, but that they had no idea where that was.
1969 – Meanwhile, over half a million people who did know where Max Yasgur’s 600-acre farm was, were enjoying Day 2 of the celebrated gathering in Bethel, NY.
On this date, the crowd saw, among others, John Sebastian (pictured above), Country Joe McDonald, Santana, the Grateful Dead, Mountain, Canned Heat and Creedence Clearwater Revival.
1977 – Music icon Elvis Presley died in Memphis, Tennessee. The “King of Rock N’ Roll” was 42.
Presley was scheduled to begin a tour in Portland, ME that evening, but was found in the mid-afternoon by his girlfriend, Ginger Alden, lying face down and unconscious in the master suite bathroom of his Graceland home.
At 2:33 pm, a call came into Memphis Fire Station No. 29 indicating that someone at 3754 Elvis Presley Boulevard was having difficulty breathing. Ambulance Unit No. 6 sped out of the station and headed south. While not a routine trip, local ambulances had made numerous visits to Graceland over the years to take care of fainting fans or pedestrians hit by cars along the crowded sidewalks in front of the mansion.
But this time it wasn’t just someone.
Elvis was rushed to Baptist Memorial Hospital and, after attempts to revive him failed, was pronounced dead at 3:30 pm.
His official cause of death was listed as a cardiac arrhythmia, but he was found to have a wide variety of drugs in his system including amphetamines, barbiturates, and opiates.
Presley is an inductee in seventeen Halls of Fame, including the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Country Music Hall of Fame, Rockabilly Hall of Fame, and Gospel Hall of Fame.
With record sales of over 600 million, Elvis remains the best-selling single artist of all time.
1987 – A plane crash at Detroit Metropolitan Airport in Michigan killed 156 people. A four-year-old girl was the sole survivor of the accident, which was caused by pilot error.
Northwest Flight 255 was headed to California with a stopover in Phoenix. While the DC-9 Super 82 taxied out to the runway, the pilot and co-pilot failed to conduct their pre-flight checks according to procedure and, as a result, the takeoff-warning system was never turned on. Later, there was speculation that the pilots may have been rushing the checks to avoid incoming bad weather.
A lack of communication between the pilot and co-pilot turned into a deadly mistake when neither extended the wing flaps prior to takeoff. As the plane rushed down the 6,800-foot runway, it lifted only 40 feet off the ground when it should already have been 600 feet in the air.
At the end of the runway, the plane hit lampposts and a rental-car office. The plane then crashed onto a road a half of a mile away. On the Interstate 94 Bridge in Romulus, the plane hit a car and killed both people in the vehicle.
1988 – Vice President George H.W. Bush selected Indiana Sen. Dan Quayle to be his running mate on the Republican ticket.
The convention is perhaps best known for Bush’s “thousand points of light” speech as he accepted the nomination. It included the “read my lips: no new taxes” pledge that was the most popular sound bite coming out of the convention, but would later come back to haunt him.
While Bush was nominated without opposition during the roll call vote, there were rumblings of opposition to the Quayle nomination. It was decided to have it ratified by voice vote, something that the Republicans had never done before.
Bush and Quayle would go on to defeat the Democratic ticket of Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis and Texas Senator Lloyd Bentsen by 7 million popular votes and 315 electoral votes.
1989 – Actress Amanda Blake, best known for her 19-year role of “Miss Kitty Russell” on the television series Gunsmoke died of liver failure brought on by AIDS-related viral hepatitis. She was 60.
After her death, a statement by the hospital and her friends reported the cause of death as cancer. Her death certificate, however, listed the immediate cause as cardiopulmonary arrest due to liver failure and CMV hepatitis. CMV, or cytomegalovirus hepatitis, is AIDS-related.
Her close friends insisted that she was not a drug user or sexually promiscuous, and that she may have acquired the disease from a former husband, Mark Spaeth, who died at 41 in 1985 of AIDS-related pneumonia.
2000 – Delegates to the Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles nominated Vice President Al Gore for president.
In what was one of the closest presidential races in history, Gore and running mate, Connecticut Senator Joe Lieberman, defeated the Republican ticket of George W. Bush and running mate Dick Cheney by 500,000 votes in the popular vote, but lost by 4 votes in the Electoral College after a contentious, 5–4 Supreme Court decision in Bush v. Gore (Florida), ruled in favor of Bush.
It was the fourth time the winning candidate lost the popular vote … but it certainly wasn’t the last.
2003 – Idi Amin, the former dictator of Uganda, died in Saudi Arabia. His exact age was unknown but was believed to be between 75 and 80.
Amin’s rule was characterized by rampant human rights abuses, political repression, ethnic persecution, extrajudicial killings, corruption, and gross economic mismanagement. The number of people killed as a result of his regime is estimated by international observers and human rights groups to range from 100,000 to 500,000.
2018 – Aretha Franklin, “The Queen Of Soul”, passed away at the age of 76.
During her career she amassed twenty Billboard R&B chart toppers, forty-five Billboard Top 40 hits and won eighteen Grammy Awards.
In 1987, she became the first woman inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
Compiled by Ray Lemire ©2019 RayLemire.com. / Streamingoldies.com. All Rights Reserved.