“People always say that I didn’t give up my seat because I was tired, but that isn’t true. I was not tired physically. No, the only tired I was, was tired of giving in.
I was a person with dignity and self-respect, and I should not set my sights lower than anybody else just because I was black.”
1824 – Since no candidate received a majority of the total electoral college votes in the election, the United States House of Representatives was given the task of deciding the winner of the presidential election.
Following the provisions of the 12th Amendment to the United States Constitution, the top three candidates by electoral votes were admitted as candidates in the House: Andrew Jackson (99 electoral votes), John Quincy Adams (84), and William Crawford (41).Speaker of the House Henry Clay, who had finished fourth (with 37 electoral votes), was disqualified but certainly played a significant role in the outcome.
Clay detested Jackson and had said of him, “I cannot believe that killing 2,500 Englishmen at New Orleans qualifies for the various, difficult, and complicated duties of the Chief Magistracy.”
Clay used his political influence in the House to motivate House delegations in states where he had won at least a voting plurality to vote for Adams. Thus, Adams was elected president on February 9, 1825, on the first ballot, with 13 states, followed by Jackson with seven, and Crawford with four.
The victory for Adams shocked Jackson, who, as the winner of a plurality of both the popular and electoral votes, expected the House to choose him. An anonymous statement appeared in the Columbian Observer , a Philadelphia paper, essentially accusing Clay of selling Adams his support for the office of Secretary of State. No formal investigation was conducted, so the matter was neither confirmed nor denied.
When Clay was indeed offered the position after Adams was victorious, Jackson and his followers accused Adams and Clay of striking a “corrupt bargain”.
The Jacksonians would campaign on this claim for the next four years, ultimately helping Jackson defeat Adams in 1828.
1862 – President Abraham Lincoln submitted his second Annual Message to Congress, in fulfillment of his duties, as spelled out in Article II, section 3 of the Constitution.
Unlike today’s State of the Union address being delivered to Congress in person, Lincoln’s message was a written effort, read aloud by the secretary of the Senate.
Lincoln’s closing paragraph was a statement on the trials of the time: “The dogmas of the quiet past are inadequate to the stormy present…fellow citizens, we cannot escape history…The fiery trial through which we pass will light us down, in honor or dishonor, to the latest generation. We say we are for the Union. The world will not forget that we say this. We know how to save the Union…In giving freedom to the slave, we ensure freedom to the free – honorable alike in what we give, and what we preserve. We shall nobly save, or meanly lose, the last best hope of earth.”
1891 – James Naismith, a physical education teacher at the International Young Men’s Christian Association Training School (later Springfield College) in Springfield, MA, had been struggling with a rowdy class which was confined to indoor games throughout the harsh New England winters.
On this date, he nailed two peach buckets up on opposite ends of the school gym and instructed his students to toss soccer balls into them, thus inventing the game of what he called “Basket Ball”.
In contrast to modern basketball, the original rules did not include what is known today as the dribble. The ball could only be moved up the court via a pass – and you could not run with the ball after catching it. Following each “goal,” a jump ball took place in the middle of the court.
1934 – Sergey Kirov, a leader of the Russian Revolution and a high-ranking member of the Politburo, was shot to death at his Leningrad office by Communist Party member Leonid Nikolayev, likely at the instigation of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin.
Whatever Stalin’s precise role in the assassination of his political rival Kirov, he used the murder as a pretext for eliminating many of his opponents in the Communist Party, the government, the armed forces, and the intelligentsia.
The Kirov assassination trials marked the beginning of Stalin’s massive four-year purge of Soviet society, in which millions of people were imprisoned, exiled, or killed.
1953 – The first issue of Playboy magazine was published.
The issue was undated as publisher Hugh Hefner was unsure there would be a second.
The first centerfold was Marilyn Monroe, and the heavy promotion centered around Marilyn’s nudity made the new magazine a success.
The first issue sold out in weeks.
1955 – In Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks was jailed for refusing to give up her seat on a public bus to a white man, a violation of the city’s racial segregation laws.
The successful Montgomery Bus Boycott, organized by a young Baptist minister named Martin Luther King, Jr. followed Park’s historic act of civil disobedience.
1957 – It was a really big show!
The Rays (performing Silhouettes), Buddy Holly & The Crickets (performing That’ll Be The Day) and Sam Cooke (singing You Send Me) all made their national TV debut on The Ed Sullivan Show.
1958 – A fire at Our Lady of Angels School in Chicago killed 90 students and three nuns. The building did not have any sprinklers and no regular preparatory drills were conducted. When a small fire broke out in a pile of trash in the basement, it led to disaster.
The fire began about 2:30 p.m. and within minutes teachers on the first floor smelled it. These teachers led their classes outside, but did not sound a general alarm.
The school’s janitor discovered the fire at 2:42 and shouted for the alarm to be rung. However, he was either not heard or the alarm system did not operate properly, and the students in classrooms on the second floor were completely unaware of the rapidly spreading flames beneath them.
It took only a few more minutes for the fire to reach the second floor. Some students jumped out windows to escape.
One quick-thinking nun had her students crawl under the smoke and roll down the stairs, where they were rescued.
1981 – Inex-Adria Flight 1308 crashed on Corsica’s Mont San-Pietro, killing all 180 people on board.
While in its holding pattern over Ajaccio-Campo dell’Oro Airport in France, the flight was instructed to descend through the minimum holding altitude of 6,800 feet.
The control tower mistakenly believed that Flight 1308 was out of holding pattern, believing the aircraft was already located over sea, while in reality it was located nine miles inland, over mountainous terrain of Corsica.
1990 – 132 feet below the English Channel, workers drilled an opening through a wall of rock.
This was no ordinary hole – it connected the two ends of an underwater tunnel linking Great Britain with the European mainland for the first time in more than 8,000 years.
After workers drilled that final hole, they exchanged French and British flags and toasted each other with champagne. Final construction took four more years, and the Channel Tunnel finally opened for passenger service on May 6, 1994.
Compiled by Ray Lemire ©2019 RayLemire.com / Streamingoldies.com All Rights Reserved.