“A gigantic fleet has massed in Pearl Harbor. This fleet will be utterly crushed with one blow at the very beginning of hostilities. Heaven will bear witness to the righteousness of our struggle.”
~Rear-Admiral Seiicho Ito
Chief of Staff of the Japanese Combined Fleet
1796 – Vice President John Adams (71 electoral votes), defeated former Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson (68 electoral votes) to become the 2nd President of the United States.
According to the prevailing rules at that time – the formal position of running mate had not yet been established – so Jefferson became the Vice President.
1836 – Vice President Martin Van Buren (170 electoral votes) easily defeated William Henry Harrison (73), Hugh L. White (26), Daniel Webster (14), and Willie Mangum (11) to become the 8th President of the United States.
All four of the losing candidates ran on the Whig Party ticket. The Whigs ran four candidates in different parts of the country in hopes that each would be popular enough to defeat Democrat Van Buren in their respective regions. In that case, it would have been left to the House of Representatives to decide between the competing Whig candidates. Obviously, the flawed strategy failed.
The election of 1836 was the last until 1988 (George H.W. Bush) to result in the elevation of an incumbent vice-president to the nation’s highest office through means other than the president’s death or resignation.
1869 – American outlaw Jesse James committed his first confirmed bank robbery when he and brother Frank robbed the Daviess County Savings Association in Gallatin, Missouri.
The robbery netted little money, but Jesse shot and killed the cashier, Captain John Sheets, mistakenly believing him to be Samuel P. Cox, the militia officer who had killed “Bloody Bill” Anderson – one of the deadliest and most brutal pro-Confederate guerrilla leaders during the Civil War, and a man with whom Jesse and Frank had ridden as part of the infamous Quantrill’s Raiders.
1941 – It was Sunday morning, and many military personnel had been given passes to attend religious services off base. At 7:02 a.m., two radar operators spotted large groups of aircraft in flight toward the island from the north, but, with a flight of B-17s expected from the United States at the time, they were told to sound no alarm.
At 7:55 a.m. Hawaii time, a Japanese dive bomber bearing the red symbol of the Rising Sun of Japan on its wings appeared out of the clouds above the island of Oahu. A swarm of 360 Japanese warplanes followed, descending on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor in a ferocious assault. The surprise attack struck a critical blow against the U.S. Pacific fleet and drew the United States irrevocably into World War II.
Much of the Pacific fleet was rendered useless: Five of eight battleships, three destroyers, and seven other ships were sunk or severely damaged, and more than 200 aircraft were destroyed. A total of 2,400 Americans were killed and 1,200 were wounded, many while valiantly attempting to repulse the attack. Japan’s losses were 30 planes, five midget submarines, and fewer than 100 men.
1946 – A fire at the Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta, Georgia, killed 119 people, the deadliest hotel fire in U.S. history.
The hotel’s steel structure was protected against the effects of fire, but the interior walls were combustible, and the building’s exit arrangements consisted of a single stairway serving all fifteen floors.
1972 – Apollo 17, the last Apollo moon mission, was launched.
When Apollo 17 left its orbit around the Earth to begin its trajectory to the Moon, the crew took the photograph known as “The Blue Marble”. It is one of the most iconic images in human history.
1982 – The first execution by lethal injection took place at the state penitentiary in Huntsville, Texas. Charles Brooks, Jr., convicted of murdering an auto mechanic, received an intravenous injection of sodium thiopental.
1987 – Pacific Southwest Airlines Flight 1771 crashed near Cayucos, CA, killing all 43 on board after David Burke – a disgruntled former employee of USAir, the parent company of PSA – shot his ex-boss traveling on the flight, then shot both pilots, a flight attendant, and himself.
1993 – Colin Ferguson opened fire on a Long Island Rail Road commuter train from New York City, killing 6 and injuring 19. Other train passengers stopped the perpetrator by tackling and holding him down. Ferguson later attributed the shooting spree to his deep-seated hatred of white people.
In the resulting trial, which took place in January and February 1996, Ferguson – acting as his own attorney – opened by claiming that he was not the shooter. He argued that a white man had stolen his gun and shot the commuters, then pinned the crime on Ferguson.
He later changed his story, stating that a man who shared Ferguson’s name and facial features was the real killer. When Ferguson asked nearly all of the surviving victims, in turn, to identify the killer under oath, they each pinned the blame squarely on him.
After the judge denied Ferguson’s request that President Bill Clinton and Governor Mario Cuomo testify, Ferguson decided to forego his own right to testify. On February 17, 1996, the jury convicted Ferguson of 6 counts of murder and 22 counts of attempted murder. He received six life terms and is not eligible for parole.
2011 – Actor Harry Morgan died of natural causes at the age of 96.
Morgan was a featured cast member in several major films, including The Ox-Bow Incident, High Noon, Inherit The Wind, before turning to television:December Bride, Pete and Gladys, and best known for two roles: Officer Bill Gannon on Dragnet and Colonel Sherman Potter on M*A*S*H.
2011 – Ousted Illinois governor Rod Blagojevich, having been found guilty on 17 counts of corruption – including trying to sell the U.S. Senate seat vacated by President Barack Obama – was sentenced to 14 years in prison at FCI Englewood in Colorado.
Compiled by Ray Lemire ©2018 RayLemire.com / Streamingoldies.com. All Rights Reserved.